Bitcoin Basics: A Beginner's Guide to Cryptocurrency

Bitcoin Basics: A Beginner's Guide to Cryptocurrency

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The world is abuzz about bitcoin, which has left people wondering about bitcoin. More and more individuals today are interested in exploring digital currency, and its future. The following article will hopefully help demystify cryptocurrency.

What is cryptocurrency? 

A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency, secured by cryptography, which makes it impossible to double spend. Several cryptocurrencies are decentralised networks based on blockchain technology, or a distributed ledger enforced by a network of computers.

How does cryptocurrency work? 

Most cryptocurrencies work without the backing of a central bank or government. Rather than relying on government guarantees, a decentralised technology called blockchain underpins the operation of cryptocurrencies. These do not exist as a stack of notes or coins. Instead, they live on the internet. As a result, they must be regarded as virtual tokens, the value of which is determined by market forces created by those seeking to sell or buy them.

It is formed through a procedure known as mining, which involves employing computer processing power to solve complicated problems to earn coins. Users can furthermore purchase the currencies from brokers, which can then be stored and spent using encrypted wallets.  

What is bitcoin? 

The widespread use of blockchain technology began in 2009, when its innovative use successfully launched the currency. It is a digital, append-only ledger that can be used to record any kind of asset, from goods and services to smart contracts, patients, and more. It is completely transparent in that the transactions are accessible to anyone. Unlike traditional currency controlled by a central bank, bitcoin is not directed by any entity. In other words, no single authority can manipulate the value. It is exchanged electronically by users through cryptographic addresses. Investors should stay updated with the latest bitcoin news to acquire more information on the cryptocurrency.  

Bitcoin-The Gamechanger 

Following the 2008 financial crisis, when the world realised there were problems with existing financial systems, Bitcoin emerged as a gold rush of opportunity. It was also the very first cryptocurrency developed through the blockchain, which changed the way people perceived money.  

Purpose of bitcoin:   

It was created as a way for people to send money online. This digital currency was intended to offer an alternative payment system that would operate free of central control and be used just like traditional currencies.  

How does bitcoin work? 

With the help of the underlying technology, Bitcoin achieves the elimination of intermediaries. Each of them is a digital asset that can be stored at a cryptocurrency exchange or in a digital wallet. The coins represent the value of Bitcoin’s current price; however, partial shares of the coin can be owned. Satoshi is the smallest denomination of each Bitcoin, sharing its name with the creator.  

Blockchain helps to eliminate intermediaries by replacing the trust that they bring to the table with cryptographic proof using CPU computing power. The transactions are recorded in a public ledger known as the blockchain. This enables users to trace the history of bitcoins and prevent them from spending coins they do not own. 

Key features of bitcoin: 

Here are the top features of bitcoin: 

It is decentralized.

The network is a truly decentralised financial asset, as the validation procedure requires unanimous consensus among the nodes, prior to creating a block reward. Individual users are in full control of their bitcoins without the presence of any central authority that can seize or manipulate control of the bitcoin network. In other words, decentralisation acts as a check and balance system before blocks are added to the chain. This network is a core feature, making bitcoin completely unique.  

Censorship resistant:  

Bitcoin is not only the most censorship-resistant cryptoasset, but also the most censorship-resistant network currently in existence. This is achieved through a process known as “proof-of-work,” which is how bitcoin is mined. Unwarranted search and seizure of private property and wealth is a long-term affair.  


Every transaction on the network is stored in a block linked to a previous block of transactions. Blockchain technology is immutable, and thus no entity can alter the information on the network. The transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded in the blockchain. Immutability makes the network a lot more trustworthy and reliable, whilst setting it apart from other asset classes where forgery, a lack of transparency, or corruption can pose a risk to the investor.  

Capped supply:  

There will never be more than 21 million bitcoins. This capped supply is built into the core of Bitcoin’s code. There is no way one can exchange it unless there is unanimous consensus by a decentralised body of custodians who are elected to service. Bitcoin's fixed supply has become one of the key value propositions for the incentive and market demand to continue validating the network.

Reduced risk for merchants:  

Given the nature of cryptocurrency, the payments are not of the traditional kind. This eliminates all hassle, helping merchants avoid any negative aspects of the system, such as credit card fraud, processing fees, and chargebacks. As bitcoins cannot be reserved, and do not carry any personal information, they promote security among merchants, who feel protected from any losses that might otherwise result from fraudulent credit card use.  

Pros of bitcoin:   

Here are the top benefits of bitcoin: 

Accessibility and liquidity:  

Accessibility is one of the biggest benefits of cryptocurrency. It is a versatile currency that takes only a few minutes to transfer to another user. Moreover, it can also be used to purchase goods and services from the ever-growing list of places that accept it. This also simplifies spending and exchanging money, with the added benefit of having little to no fees applied. The coins can also be sold at any moment.  

Maintains anonymity and transparency:  

Although it is not completely anonymous, the users are identified by numerical codes and comprise multiple public keys. This ensures that there is no public tracking, and transactions cannot be traced back to the user. The transactions can be viewed permanently, which gives you transparency that safeguards them from fraudulent activities. Moreover, only the wallet owner can know the number of bitcoins.  

Independence from central authority:  

The decentralised currency is not regulated by a central bank or a single government. This means that authorities are likely to not freeze and demand your coins. Furthermore, there is no feasible way to implement a tax on bitcoin. Theoretically, it gives users autonomy and control over money, as the price is not linked to government policies.   

Lightning-fast transactions:  

Fiat currency takes days and weeks for transactions to complete. Bitcoin is different, and whether it is 10 a.m. or 2 a.m., you will get the money in an instant. There are no intermediaries involved, which eliminates waiting time and hassle. There are no limits, and the transfer cannot be reversed. All you must do is key in the bitcoin address and transfer away. There are no limits, and the transfer cannot be reversed.  

No inflation:  

Another big problem with traditional payment systems is that they can often lead to inflationary pressures. However, its decentralised nature minimises restrictions and creates an economy with a fixed supply of BTC in the market. This also means that you will never need to worry about digital assets depreciating due to loss in value over time, as bitcoin is limited by the number of bitcoins existing.  


They cannot sign or obtain your funds unless they have access to the private key for the crypto wallet. If you lose your private key, there is no way to recover the funds. In addition to this, transactions are secured by the nature of the blockchain system and the distributed network of computers verifying transactions. As computing power is added to the network, it gets a lot more secure. Any attack on the network to change the blockchain needs optimum computing power to confirm multiple blocks before the rest of the network can verify the accuracy of the ledger.  


Bitcoin transactions are anonymous, making them ideal for people who prefer privacy. The BTC wallet owners comprise one or more public keys that act as their bitcoin address(es), which form the only information required to execute a transaction. Unlike the credit card system, where the billing address, name, and other information are needed to process a payment, in bitcoin, all you must do is key in the receiver’s address.  

If you are not sure how bitcoin helps, you can read the latest bitcoin news to stay updated. 

Future of bitcoin:   

The next decade could prove of significant importance to Bitcoin’s evolution. Currently, cryptocurrency is poised between being a store of value and a medium of daily transactions. Investors and cryptocurrency enthusiasts have doubled down on their optimism regarding its future. The oncoming decade could prove pivotal for Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies more broadly.  


Although it offers some exceptional benefits, many people still view it as a risky investment. However, like any investment, putting your money in Bitcoin requires proper research to make informed choices.

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